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A Look at Your Venous Anatomy

Last updated 6 years ago

Many individuals suffer from varicose veins and spider veins. In fact, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reports that approximately 50 to 55 percent of women and 40 to 45 percent of men suffer from some type of abnormal vein condition. While many people know that they are at risk for varicose veins, very few individuals truly understand the underlying cause of the condition. A good way to better understand varicose veins and spider veins is to educate yourself on your venous anatomy.

  • Veins vs. Arteries

Veins and arteries are two different types of blood vessels within your circulatory system. Your arteries are responsible for carrying oxygenated blood from your heart and lungs to different parts of your body, while your veins pump the blood back towards your heart for re-oxygenation. Arteries are made of thick, elastic muscle tissue, as they need to be able to handle the high pressure of your blood. Veins are composed of thinner elastic muscle tissue with semilunar valves.

  • Different Categories of Veins

The veins within your body are typically broken down into three distinct categories. These are:

  • Superficial leg veins, which are just beneath the surface of your skin and have less support from the surrounding bones and muscles.
  • Deep leg veins, which are located in the center of your leg near your bones and return blood directly to your heart.
  • Perforator veins, which connect the superficial veins to the deep veins.
  • Abnormal Veins

The valves within your veins are responsible for keeping blood flowing back towards your heart. However, these valves may weaken over time and allow blood to flow backwards in the vein. This causes the blood to pool within the vein wall and leads to the development of spider and varicose veins.

Whether you’re suffering from spider veins or varicose veins, the physicians at Advanced Varicose Vein Treatments of Manhattan are here to help. We offer a number of treatment options for abnormal veins. Call us today at (212) 204-6501 for more information about varicose vein treatments and leg ulcer prevention.


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